Det er ikke bare i den arabiske verden at folket gjør opprør mot diktatoriske regimer. Hva resultatet blir i de arabiske landene er ikke godt å si ennå – kanskje går de fra vondt til verre, men lignende opprør skjer nå i både Russland og Kina, selv om de der foreløpig forekommer i langt mindre omfang.
Det er kanskje ikke helt korrekt å omtale det som skjer i Kina som et opprør – det vi har relativt mye informasjon om pr i dag er noe som skjer ett sted, i byen Wukan, men artikkelen sitert nedenfor forteller at det er ca 180,000 lignende “mass incidents” hvert år. Vi vet ikke hva foranledningen til opprørene er i alle disse er, men det som har skjedd i Wukan er meget illustrerende for den positive utvikling som vi håper kan skje i Kina.
Vi siterer fra Daily Telegraph: ”Inside Wukan: the Chinese village that fought back. Something extraordinary has happened in the Chinese village of Wukan.
For the first time on record, the Chinese Communist party has lost all control, with the population of 20,000 in this southern fishing village now in open revolt.
The last of Wukan’s dozen party officials fled on Monday after thousands of people blocked armed police from retaking the village, standing firm against tear gas and water cannons.
Since then, the police have retreated to a roadblock, some three miles away, in order to prevent food and water from entering, and villagers from leaving. Wukan’s fishing fleet, its main source of income, has also been stopped from leaving harbour.
The plan appears to be to lay siege to Wukan and choke a rebellion which began three months ago when an angry mob, incensed at having the village’s land sold off, rampaged through the streets and overturned cars.
Although China suffers an estimated 180,000 “mass incidents” a year, it is unheard of for the Party to sound a retreat. ...
Thousands of Wukan’s residents, incensed at the death of one of their leaders in police custody, gathered for a second day in front of a triple-roofed pagoda that serves as the village hall
Wukan’s troubles began in September, when the villagers’ collective patience snapped at an attempt to take away their land and sell it to property developers.
“Almost all of our land has been taken away from us since the 1990s but we were relaxed about it before because we made our money from fishing,” said Yang Semao, one of the village elders. “Now, with inflation rising, we realise we should grow more food and that the land has a high value.”
Thousands of villagers stormed the local government offices, chasing out the party secretary who had governed Wukan for three decades. In response, riot police flooded the village, beating men, women and children indiscriminately, according to the villagers. ”
Det som har skjedd er at befolkningen har gjort opprør etter at myndighetene har ekspropriert landeiendommer som eies av innbyggere i byen og solgt dem videre.
Myndighetene kom ingen vei mot opprørende, og måtte til slutt gi innrømmelser. Men det varte ikke lenge: ”In the aftermath, the local government tried to soothe the bruised villagers, asking them to appoint 13 of their own to mediate between the two sides – a move which was praised. But after anger bubbled over again local officials hatched another plan to bring the rebellious village back under control. Last Friday, at 11.45 in the morning, four minibuses without license plates drove into Wukan and a team of men in plain clothes seized five of the village’s 13 representatives from a roadside restaurant.
A second attack came at 4am on Sunday morning, when a thousand armed police approached the entrance to the village.
“We had a team of 20 people watching out, and they saw the police searchlights. We had blocked the road with fallen trees to buy us time,” said Chen Xidong, a 23 year old. “They banged the warning drum and the entire village ran to block the police.”
After a tense two-hour standoff, during which the villagers were hit with tear gas and water cannons, the police retreated, instead setting up the ring of steel around Wukan that is in force today. The village’s only source of food, at present, are the baskets of rice, fruit and vegetables carried across the fields on the shoulder poles of friendly neighbours.
Then, on Monday, came the news that Xue Jinbo, one of the snatched representatives, had died in police custody, at the age of 43, from a heart attack. His family believe he was murdered.
“There were cuts and bruises on the corners of his mouth and on his forehead, and both his nostrils were full of blood,” said Xue Jianwan, his 21-year-old daughter. “His chest was grazed and his thumbs looked like they had been broken backwards. Both his knees were black,” she added. “They refused to release the body to us.”
Mr Xue’s death has galvanised his supporters and brought the explosive situation in the village to the brink. “We are not sleeping. A hundred men are keeping watch. We do not know what the government’s next move will be, but we know we cannot trust them ever again,” said Mr Chen. “I think they will try to prolong the situation, to sweat us out.” (slutt på lange sitater).
Dett er et opprør i et tidligere kommunistisk land, og opprøret retter seg mot myndighetenes krenkelser av innbyggernes eiendomsrett. Dette er et godt tegn
Eiendomsrett er fundamentet for et sivilisert samfunn; uten en sikker eiendomsrett vil man ikke kunne ha individuell frihet, og man vil ikke kunne ha den produksjon og den velstandøkning som er nødvendig for at samfunn skal bli preget av fred, harmoni og velstand.
At kinesere nå reiser seg i protest mot krenkelser av eiendomsretten er et trekk som lover godt for fremtiden.